PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome) is a condition in which women's productive (sex) hormones estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. In most of the women's this leads to growth of many small cysts on their ovaries and hence it is called as polycystic ovary syndrome. These cysts are not harmful but result to hormone imbalance.
One in every 10 women in India has polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study by PCOS Society. And out of every 10 women diagnosed with PCOS, six are teenage girls. According to the survey done by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 women of productive age (adult age) are suffering from PCOS, it is nearly 5 million women in United States.
Causes of PCOS:
Exact causes for getting PCOS are unknown but Experts believe that hormones, Insulin resistance, obesity and genetics play an important role. According to recent understanding, STRESS is supposed to be an important causative factor. Usually it is more frequent in students preparing for the examinations and young women working in corporate sectors. Even in our day to day practice, we find these women more often coming for Homeopathy treatment. Uneducated and women with village background are not often affected.
Women are more likely (up to 50% chance) to have PCOS if their family members especially mother or sister also having the same condition. PCOS can be passed down from both maternal (mother’s) side and paternal (father’s) side also.
A study conducted by the department of endocrinology and metabolism, AIIMS, shows that about 20-25 per cent of Indian women of childbearing age are suffering from PCOS. While 60 per cent of women with PCOS are obese, about 70 per cent have insulin resistance, 60-70 per cent have high level of androgen and 40-60 per cent have glucose intolerance.
Sugar is the body's primary source of energy, and its cellular metabolism is regulated by insulin secreted by the pancreas. Women who are insulin resistant are unable to utilise insulin efficiently, which causes the pancreas to go into overdrive secreting additional insulin to meet the body's glucose needs.
This additional secretion of insulin can increase the production of androgens such as testosterone (male hormone) than the normal levels in the ovaries. This can affect the development and release of eggs during the ovulation and also contribute to excessive hair growth, acne and weight gain.
According to recent study 80 percent of the women suffering with PCOS are insulin resistant and this can result in increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Insulin resistance is mainly caused by lifestyle factors such as junk diet and physical inactivity. A woman without PCOS and overweight can have this form of insulin resistance; women with PCOS are more likely to have particular form of insulin resistance caused by genetic factors which is separate from the insulin resistance associated with being overweight.This means women with PCOS can have:
- • Insulin resistance as a result of genetic factors
- • Insulin resistance as a result of being overweight (related to diet and inactivity)
- • A combination of these both.
Symptoms of PCOS
Symptoms of PCOS may vary from one woman to another; generally women with PCOS may have a few or all the symptoms. Below are the symptoms that are mostly seen in the affected women
- • Absent or infrequent menstruation cycle.
- • Infertility due to lack of ovulation
- • Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, stomach.
- • Acne
- • Obesity (especially at the waist)
- • Thinning hair or hair loss over the scalp
- • Decrease in breast size
Treatment for PCOS:
A healthy lifestyle, nutritious food and physical activity can assist in treating PCOS and in preventing it.
Conventional medical systems do not have a permanent cure/solution for PCOS; Homeopathy has the permanent treatment without future side effects and pregnancy problems.
There is one very interesting information here: There is an extra growth of cysts in this disease. Homeopathic remedyhas the power to dissolve an extra growth like cysts, tumors, warts, stones in the Kidney, etc. Because of this inherent quality of absorbing a tissue, Homeopathic remedies work much better in curing PCOS.